Five years after that, he was promoted to Director of Public Schools for the province, overseeing the foundation of over schools as a part of the government's plans for modernisation. His dedication to education earned him the Order of St.
Brezhnev's ethnicity was specified as Ukrainian in main documents including his passport,    and Russian in some others. He graduated from the Kamenskoye Metallurgical Technicum in  and became a metallurgical engineer in the iron and steel industries of eastern Ukraine.
Brezhnev joined the Communist Party youth organisation, the Komsomolinand the Party itself in Later inhe became director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum technical college in Brezhnev hometown Kamenskoye was renamed to Dniprodzerzhynsk . Inhe was transferred to the regional center of Dnipropetrovskand inA biography of vladimir ilyich lenin a russian politician became Party Secretary in Dnipropetrovsk,  in charge of the city's important defence industries.
As a survivor of Stalin's Great Purge of —39, he was able to advance quickly as the purges created numerous openings in the senior and middle ranks of the Party and state governments.
When Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 22 JuneBrezhnev was, like most middle-ranking Party officials, immediately drafted. He worked to evacuate Dnipropetrovsk's industries to the east of the Soviet Union before the city fell to the Germans on 26 August, and then was assigned as a political commissar.
In Aprilhe became head of the Political Department of the 18th Army.
Later that year, the 18th Army became part of the 1st Ukrainian Frontas the Red Army regained the initiative and advanced westward through Ukraine. He had spent the entire war as a political commissar rather than a military commander. After working on reconstruction projects in Ukraine, he again became General Secretary in Dnipropetrovsk.
Brezhnev sided with Khrushchev against Malenkov, but only for several years. On the surface, his brief was simple: In reality, Brezhnev became involved in the development of the Soviet missile and nuclear arms programs, including the Baykonur Cosmodrome.
The initially successful Virgin Lands Campaign soon became unproductive and failed to solve the growing Soviet food crisis. Brezhnev was recalled to Moscow in The harvest in the years following the Virgin Lands Campaign was disappointing, which would have hurt his political career had he remained in Kazakhstan.
Following the defeat of the Stalinists, Brezhnev became a full member of the Politburo. Brezhnev became Second Secretary of the Central Committee in and in May was promoted to the post of Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet making him the nominal head of state, although the real power resided with Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
Removal and replacement of Khrushchev as Soviet leader[ edit ] Until aboutKhrushchev's position as Party leader was secure; but as the leader aged, he grew more erratic and his performance undermined the confidence of his fellow leaders.
The Soviet Union's mounting economic problems also increased the pressure on Khrushchev's leadership. Outwardly, Brezhnev remained loyal to Khrushchev, but became involved in a plot to remove the leader from power, possibly playing a leading role.
Upon his return, his Presidium officers congratulated him for his work in office. Anastas Mikoyan visited Khrushchev, hinting that he should not be too complacent about his present situation.
Vladimir Semichastnyhead of the KGB was a crucial part of the conspiracy, as it was his duty to inform Khrushchev if anyone was plotting against his leadership.
Nikolay Ignatovwho had been sacked by Khrushchev, discreetly requested the opinion of several Central Committee members. After some false starts, fellow conspirator Mikhail Suslov phoned Khrushchev on 12 October and requested that he return to Moscow to discuss the state of Soviet agriculture.
Finally Khrushchev understood what was happening, and said to Mikoyan, "If it's me who is the question, I will not make a fight of it. Influenced by the Brezhnev allies, Politburo members voted on 14 October to remove Khrushchev from office. But Brezhnev, who had already been assured the office of the General Secretary, saw little reason to punish his old mentor further.
One reason for Khrushchev's ousting was that he continually overruled other party members, and was, according to the plotters, "in contempt of the party's collective ideals".
Pravdaa newspaper in the Soviet Union, wrote of new enduring themes such as collective leadershipscientific planning, consultation with experts, organisational regularity and the ending of schemes.
When Khrushchev left the public spotlight, there was no popular commotion, as most Soviet citizens, including the intelligentsiaanticipated a period of stabilisationsteady development of Soviet society and continuing economic growth in the years ahead.INTRODUCTION The Soviet Empire was established at four minutes past two o'clock on the 8th of November in the Russian capital, Petrograd.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July is a South African politician who was the President of South Africa from to , the first ever to be elected in a fully representative and multi-racial election. His administration focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid, as well as tackling racism, poverty and inequality.
General knowledge quiz questions and answers. The following text is used only for teaching, research, scholarship, educational use and informative purpose following the fair use principles.
– Chairman, Defense Council – Chairman, Bureau of the Central Committee of the Russian SFSR Jan.–Mar. Deputy Chairman, Bureau of the Central Committee of the Russian SFSR – First Secretary, Dnipropetrovsk Regional Committee – First Secretary, Zaporizhia Regional Committee – Head, Defense Industry Department of the .
Lenin’s maternal grandmother was Anna Ivanovna Grosschopff (the daughter of Johann Gottlieb Grosschopff and Anna Beata Östedt). Lenin’s grandmother Anna was born in Saint Petersburg, to a German father, who was born in Lübeck, Germany, and to a Swedish mother, who was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April – 21 January ), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political attheheels.com served as head of government of Soviet Russia from to and of the Soviet Union from to Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state governed by the.