In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Simons Shawn Wong, ed. Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc. Nearly 15 years after its initial publication, Asian American Literature:
Colonial literature[ edit ] Because of the large immigration to Boston in the s, the articulation of Puritan ideals, and the early establishment of a college and a printing press in Cambridgethe New England colonies have often been regarded as the center of early American literature.
However, the first European settlements in North America had been founded elsewhere many years earlier. During the colonial period, the printing press was active in many areas, from Cambridge and Boston to New YorkPhiladelphiaand Annapolis.
The dominance of the English language was not inevitable. Moreover, we are now aware of the wealth of oral literary traditions already existing on the continent among the numerous different Native American groups.
Political events, however, would eventually make English the lingua franca for the colonies at large as well as the literary language of choice. For instance, when the English conquered New Amsterdam inthey renamed it New York and changed the administrative language from Dutch to English.
From toonly about separate items were issued from the major printing presses in the American colonies.
This is a small number compared to the output of the printers in London at the time. London printers published materials written by New England authors, so the body of American literature was larger than what was published in North America.
However, printing was established in the American colonies before it was allowed in most of England. In England, restrictive laws had long confined printing to four locations, where the government could monitor what was published: London, York, Oxford, and Cambridge.
Because of this, the colonies ventured into the modern world earlier than their provincial English counterparts. Captain John Smith could be considered the first American author with his works: Topics of early writing[ edit ] The religious disputes that prompted settlement in America were important topics of early American literature.
This work outlined the ideal society that he and the other Separatists would build in an attempt to realize a "Puritan utopia".
|Samuel Beckett Literary Criticism||Colonial literature[ edit ] Because of the large immigration to Boston in the s, the articulation of Puritan ideals, and the early establishment of a college and a printing press in Cambridgethe New England colonies have often been regarded as the center of early American literature.|
|Puritanism in American Literature | Free Essays - attheheels.com||It has been created within the larger realm of post-colonial literaturealthough scholars distinguish between the two, saying that "African American literature differs from most post-colonial literature in that it is written by members of a minority community who reside within a nation of vast wealth and economic power.|
|General Essay Writing Tips - Essay Writing Center||It should be most useful right at the start of the course, or later as a resource for exercises in revision, and to help you reflect on value judgements in literary criticism.|
|Access denied | attheheels.com used Cloudflare to restrict access||Literature represents much of the very best of humanity's writings, and it is not by any accident that, after bestsellers and sensationalized books have faded from memory, literature continues to thrive and remain intensely relevant to contemporary human conditions. Literature's stories and texts survive the fires of time.|
|Holistic Solutions for Authentic Learning||Structuralism and Semiotics Structuralism Structuralism is a way of thinking about the world which is predominantly concerned with the perceptions and description of structures. At its simplest, structuralism claims that the nature of every element in any given situation has no significance by itself, and in fact is determined by all the other elements involved in that situation.|
Other religious writers included Increase Mather and William Bradfordauthor of the journal published as a History of Plymouth Plantation, — Others like Roger Williams and Nathaniel Ward more fiercely argued state and church separation.
Nicholas Noyes was also known for his doggerel verse. John Eliot translated the Bible into the Algonquin language. Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield represented the Great Awakeninga religious revival in the early 18th century that emphasized Calvinism.
Less strict and serious writers included Samuel Sewall who wrote a diary revealing the daily life of the late 17th century and Sarah Kemble Knight. New England was not the only area in the colonies with a literature: The diary of William Byrd and The History of the Dividing Line described the expedition to survey the swamp between Virginia and North Carolina but also comments on the differences between American Indians and the white settlers in the area.
At this time American Indian literature also began to flourish. Two key figures were Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine.
Major satirists included John Trumbull and Francis Hopkinson. Philip Morin Freneau also wrote poems about the War. During the 18th century, writing shifted from the Puritanism of Winthrop and Bradford to Enlightenment ideas of reason.
The belief that human and natural occurrences were messages from God no longer fit with the new human-centered world. Many intellectuals believed that the human mind could comprehend the universe through the laws of physics as described by Isaac Newton. One of these was Cotton Mather.
The enormous scientific, economic, social, and philosophical, changes of the 18th century, called the Enlightenmentimpacted the authority of clergyman and scripture, making way for democratic principles.
The increase in population helped account for the greater diversity of opinion in religious and political life as seen in the literature of this time. Inthe population of the colonies numbered approximatelyThirty years later it was more thanByit reached 1, Even earlier than Franklin was Cadwallader Colden -whose book The History of the Five Indian Nations, published in was one of the first texts critical of the treatment of the Iroquois in upstate New York by the English.
Colden also wrote a book on botany, which attracted the attention of Linnaeus, and he maintained a long term correspondence with Benjamin Franklin.
In the post-war period, Thomas Jefferson established his place in American literature through his authorship of the United States Declaration of Independencehis influence on the United States Constitutionhis autobiography, his Notes on the State of Virginiaand his many letters. The Federalist essays by Alexander HamiltonJames Madisonand John Jay presented a significant historical discussion of American government organization and republican values.
Fisher AmesJames Otisand Patrick Henry are also valued for their political writings and orations.African American literature, body of literature written by Americans of African descent. Beginning in the pre-Revolutionary War period, African American writers have engaged in a creative, if often contentious, dialogue with American letters.
Colophon · The template for the Web edition of this document was marked up by Nick Montfort in valid XHTML with a valid CSS2 style sheet. It is screen-friendly and printer-friendly; a style sheet for printer output is provided which browsers should use automatically when users print the document. Introduction American literature, to my eyes, like American history, although short, however, still full of glories and shining masterpieces and writers.
Introduction to American Literature 2 American Poems and Poets Lesson 6 Essay Writing Assignment End of Course Review LESSON 1 INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN LITERATURE Lesson Introduction: In these first few pages of .
The Influence of History on American Literature - “A Tale Intended to be After the Fact ” is how Stephan Crane introduced his harrowing story, “The Open Boat,” but this statement also shows that history influences American Literature. The principle purpose of the introduction is to present your position (this is also known as the "thesis" or "argument") on the issue at hand but effective introductory paragraphs are so much more than that.