Adolescence Adolescence is a time of "storm and strife". Adolescence is a period of time between childhood and adulthood.
Key facts One in six people are aged 10—19 years. Half of all mental health conditions start by 14 years of age but most cases are undetected and untreated. Globally, depression is one of the leading causes of illness and disability among adolescents.
Suicide is the third leading cause of death in 15—19 year olds. The consequences of not addressing adolescent mental health conditions extend to adulthood, impairing both physical and mental health and limiting opportunities to lead fulfilling lives as adults.
Mental health promotion and prevention are key to helping adolescents thrive. Introduction Adolescence 10—19 years is a unique and formative time. Whilst most adolescents have good mental health, multiple physical, emotional and social changes, including exposure to poverty, abuse, or violence, can make adolescents vulnerable to mental health problems.
Promoting psychological well-being and protecting adolescents from adverse experiences and risk factors which may impact their potential to thrive are not only critical for their well-being during adolescence, but also for their physical and mental health in adulthood. Mental health determinants Adolescence is a crucial period for developing and maintaining social and emotional habits important for mental well-being.
These include adopting healthy sleep patterns; taking regular exercise; developing coping, problem-solving, and interpersonal skills; and learning to manage emotions.
Supportive environments in the family, at school, and in the wider community are also important. Multiple factors determine the mental health of an adolescent at any one time.
The more risk factors adolescents are exposed to, the greater the potential impact on their mental health. Factors which can contribute to stress during adolescence include a desire for greater autonomy, pressure to conform with peers, exploration of sexual identity, and increased access to and use of technology.
Other important determinants for the mental health of adolescents are the quality of their home life and their relationships with their peers.
Violence including harsh parenting and bullying and socio-economic problems are recognized risks to mental health. Children and adolescents are especially vulnerable to sexual violence, which has a clear association with detrimental mental health.
Some adolescents are at greater risk of mental health conditions due to their living conditions, stigma, discrimination or exclusion, or lack of access to quality support and services.
Adolescents with mental health conditions are in turn particularly vulnerable to social exclusion, discrimination, stigma affecting readiness to seek helpeducational difficulties, risk-taking behaviours, physical ill-health and human rights violations.
Signs of poor mental health can be overlooked for a number of reasons, such as a lack of knowledge or awareness about mental health among health workers, or stigma preventing them from seeking help. Emotional disorders Emotional disorders commonly emerge during adolescence.
In addition to depression or anxiety, adolescents with emotional disorders can also experience excessive irritability, frustration, or anger. Symptoms can overlap across more than one emotional disorder with rapid and unexpected changes in mood and emotional outbursts.
Younger adolescents may additionally develop emotion-related physical symptoms such as stomach ache, headache, or nausea. Globally, depression is the ninth leading cause of illness and disability among all adolescents; anxiety is the eighth leading cause.
Withdrawal or avoidance of family, peers or the community can exacerbate isolation and loneliness. At its worse, depression can lead to suicide. Childhood behavioural disorders Childhood behavioural disorders are the sixth leading cause of disease burden among adolescents.
Adolescence can be a time where rules, limits and boundaries are tested. However, childhood behavioural disorders represent repeated, severe and non-age-appropriate behaviours such as hyper-activity and inattention such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or destructive or challenging behaviours for example, conduct disorder.
Eating disorders Eating disorders commonly emerge during adolescence and young adulthood. Most eating disorders affect females more commonly than males.
Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are characterised by harmful eating behaviours such as restricting calories or binge eating.
Anorexia and bulimia nervosa also include a preoccupation with food, body shape or weight, and behaviours such as excessive exercise or vomiting to compensate for calorie intake.
People with anorexia nervosa have a low body weight and a heightened fear of weight gain. People with binge eating disorder can experience feelings of distress, guilt or self-disgust when binge eating.-social isolation and self doubt lead to frustration which can lead to suicidal behavior if suicide occurs w/ a popular member of community, others may do the same.
Well publicized suicide trigger "copycat" attempts. Sometimes it is the fuse that ignites self-destructive behaviors in already unstable teens ( year as a result of cluster. Who's Legally Liable When Someone Commits Suicide? Reviewed by David Goguen, J.D., University of San Francisco School of Law Family members face a tough road when trying to hold someone else legally responsible for their loved one's suicide.
Homicide that results from criminal negligence. Unintentional killings may constitute involuntary manslaughter when they result from criminal negligence—which in itself may be unlawful—or from gross negligence.
Some state laws describe a special category of involuntary manslaughter called criminally negligent homicide. A report released in July found that suicide is now the leading cause of death among youth ages 10 to 17 — higher than car accidents, cancer or heart disease.
While an average of per , youth took their own lives in , that number jumped to an unbelievable per , in Post-Eisel Negligence Case Law with Tort Immunity Legal analysis: Since the Eisel decision, various negligence cases have arisen in the wake of a student’s suicide, but the rationales and outcomes fit the overall pro-educator pattern.
As a general rule, suicide is deemed an unforeseeable intervening cause of death that absolves the tortfeasor of negligence liability in an action for wrongful death.
PERSONAL INJURY: Suicide as Intervening Event.