Atomic force microscopy phd thesis

Kobus has an excellent track record of success spanning over 20 years from the early days of his career to becoming Chief Process Engineer of research in a major multinational oil company, SASOL. Kobus has a B.

Atomic force microscopy phd thesis

Louis and Brooklyn Polytechnic Instituteand his mother studied economics. His maternal grandfather, Shu-tian Liearned a Ph. His mother's uncle, Li Shu-huaa physical scientist, studied physics at the Sorbonne before returning to China.

He taught himself tennis —by reading a book—in the eighth grade, and was a second-string substitute for the school team for three years. He also taught himself how to pole vault using bamboo poles obtained from the local carpet store. He left Bell Labs and became a professor of physics at Stanford University in[10] serving as the chair of its Physics Department from to and from to At Stanford, Chu and three others initiated the Bio-X program, which focuses on interdisciplinary research in biology and medicine, [31] and played a key role in securing the funding for the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology.

He and his co-workers at Bell Labs developed a way to cool atoms by employing six laser beams opposed in pairs and arranged in three directions at right angles to each other. Trapping atoms with this method allows scientists to study individual atoms with great accuracy.

Additionally, the technique can be used to construct an atomic clock with great precision. He studied enzyme activity and protein and RNA folding using techniques like fluorescence resonance energy transferatomic force microscopyand optical tweezers.

His polymer physics research used individual DNA molecules to study polymer dynamics and their phase transitions. He continued researching atomic physics as well and developed new methods of laser cooling and trapping. Chu received an honorary doctorate from Boston University when he was the keynote speaker at the commencement exercises.

Atomic force microscopy phd thesis

Washington University in St. Louis and Harvard University awarded him honorary doctorates during their and commencement exercises, respectively. Steven Chu's development of methods to laser cool and trap atoms was recognised by the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics in He also pioneered the development of atom interferometry for precision measurement, and he introduced methods to visualize and manipulate single bio-molecules simultaneously with optical tweezers.

Throughout his career, he has sought new solutions to the energy and climate challenges. From January to Aprilhe was the 12th U. Senate on January 20, Chu is the first person appointed to the U.

Cabinet after having won a Nobel Prize. Cabinetafter former Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao. Nuclear Regulatory Commission should not delay approving construction licenses for planned U. Chu responded to the panel's report on hydraulic fracturingthe controversial drilling method that is enabling a U.

The report called for better data collection of air and water data, as well as "rigorous" air pollution standards and mandatory disclosure of the chemicals used in the hydraulic fracturing process. Chu said that he would "be working closely with my colleagues in the Administration to review the recommendations and to chart a path for continued development of this vital energy resource in a safe manner".

Brief History

Energy and climate change[ edit ] Chu has been a vocal advocate for more research into renewable energy and nuclear powerarguing that a shift away from fossil fuels is essential to combat climate change and global warming.

Chu said that a typical coal power plant emits times more radiation than a nuclear power plant. This sparked controversy on the Berkeley campus, where some fear the alliance could harm the school's reputation for academic integrity. In the future, special varieties of high- glucose plants would be grown in the tropicsprocessed, and then the chemical would be shipped around like oil is today to other countries.

Petersburg Times has stated that Chu's concept "shows vision on the scale needed to deal with global warming". The effect would be, according to Chu, similar to taking every car in the world off the roads for about 11 years.Understanding the limits of fine particle flotation is the key to the selective separation of fine mineral particles.

Fine particles have low collision efficiencies with gas bubbles and float slowly. Projects Available. This page gives details of all projects currently on offer for research towards a DPhil in Materials Science at the Department of Materials, University of Oxford.

Applied Sciences is an applied research and development team dedicated to creating the next generation of computer interaction technologies. The interdisciplinary group focuses on the synergy between optics, vision, electronics, software, manufacturing technology, materials science, acoustics and signal processing using other sensory inputs to create novel human computer interfaces.

Rutgers Physics News Chemistry Professor and member of our Graduate Faculty Wilma Olson has been named a Fellow of the American Physical Society by the Division of Biological Physics.

The citation for Wilma reads: "For seminal contributions to understanding nucleic acid structure, properties, and interactions, for leadership in developing important computational methods used to analyze.

Flexible Hybrid Electronics and MEMS Integration: Applications, Challenges, Approaches, and Technology Gaps Wilfried Bair Vice President of Engineering NextFlex.

Flexible hybrid electronics (FHE) are a novel and supply chain disrupting approach to electronic systems. Thus, measurement of nanomaterials by one single method is a daunting, irreproducible task. Table 1 sets out the different barriers to environmental analysis of nanomaterials.

However, light scattering has been employed on a large scale, as it is the most important, key technique in .

Fundamental Theory of Atomic Force Microscopy