Some people claim that television is the root of all evil, while others think of television as a best friend. As soon as they get home, they turn it on. Even if they have work to do, family to be with, or friends to see, they do it all with the TV on.
Washing machines, dishwashers, vacuums, automobiles and numerous other machines are more or less givens as accessories to contemporary life.
Of course, some people do not possess these accouterments, but, most can be rented or used at commercial facilities. Whether they are owned or let, the power to operate these various machines is obligingly available. At the end of the 20th century, these types of machines and the power to run them have become integral parts of modern life.
So entwined have mechanical devices become with modern life that the not so distant past, before they were established as necessary adjuncts to it, is often viewed with nostalgia and gratitude for the lessons learned during the preceding centuries of drudgery.
However, if the interest were the point of conjunction between the home, technology and readily available energy, it would be found in the s. On the corners of this s intersection between the home, technology and readily available energy stand the housewife, domestic servants and household appliances.
As technology produced more opportunities for women in industry and business, less were willing to spend long hours working for low wages as domestic servants. Middle-class housewives, whose budgets could not accommodate the increase in the cost of domestic help, would be more likely to purchase appliances to ease their own workload than wealthy woman who would probably purchase appliances for their servants to use.
Numerous manually operated appliances were marketed before the s, but, the rapid electrification of urban areas during that decade 3 was complimented by increases in the types and availability of electric appliances which were much easier to use than the manual models.
For example, in the second half of the s the Electrical Development Association EDAan English organization, began to heavily promote the development of the British domestic market 6 through a variety of advertisements emphasizing the rewards reaped by housewives who used electricity.
In an earlier ad from the American Corporation General Electric, the The Lamp that Lights the Way to Lighter Housework featuring the Edison Mazda lamp, electricity was promoted as a way for the housewife to carry out her duties, such as washing, ironing, toasting and vacuuming, in a well lit environment with the aid of her agreeable and competent electric servants.
This was another argument posed to increase the appeal of electricity to housewives. For example, a EDA poster was carefully composed to communicate this exact message. Bright white and rising triumphantly in the center of a dense black background is an athletic figure holding a globe in its raised right hand.
Dramatically positioned under the skyline in commanding white text is the caption that boldly advises: The use of coal, which must be carefully tended and emits a grimy soot when burned, was limited to fireplaces and stoves. The heavily polluted skies of 19th century cities are legendary, but rarely are the thick air and sooty surfaces of homes heated with coal addressed.
But, coal gas, which is made from carbonized coal, had an unpleasant odor and was somewhat unsafe. If a gas appliance was not completely turned off, or, if a pilot light went out, the resulting build-up of gas could lead to an explosion.
Furthermore, the exposed flame of a gas light could start a fire. Electricity, on the other hand was espoused as clean, invisible, odorless, flexible and tireless.
At any time one simply flips a switch or inserts a plug to have an unlimited and convenient source of energy. The primary disadvantage to the use of electricity is the availability of outlets.
This is, however, a potentially easy problem to remedy. In the s magazines such as Building Age and Electrical World featured articles concerned with ways to include the optimal number outlets in a house to provide the housewife with ample opportunities to use appliances.
Electricity was unlike coal which both required constant tending and produced soot and in preference to gas which was less safe. Praise and promise were heaped upon electricity, electric appliances and their capacity to improve the lot of the housewife.
Emil Rathenau, a German industrialist who was a leader in the development of the electrical industry in Europe, thought that electric light would be like a little man, a helper of the housewife. Rathenau also advocated that the use of electricity would help to bring housewife out of the hidden darkness of the household.
In addition, an electric kitchen was also exhibited at the Fair. From onwards, the Ideal Home Exhibition Each Ideal Home Exhibition promised to surpass the previous one with its labour-saving innovations and the promise of improvement. Manufacturers aggressively advertised these products.
The ads usually featured one or more time- and labor-saving products in combination with the image of a relaxed housewife effortlessly using an appliance.
The text expounds "the advantages secured by the use" of these products: Where cooking is hygienic, uniform and economical; where cleaning is an easy and pleasant job, but thorough and complete; where ample heating, clean, smokeless, fumeless is always available.Introduction.
For more than thirty-eight years, I have taught Reformational Philosophy at Dutch state universities. Every two years, I deal with the topic of Ethics of Technology. As a thinker about the relation between Christian faith and technology, I have always been much interested in this subject.
Nov 09, · Below is a list of the 20 most common IELTS essay topics that appear in writing task 2 with subtopics. Although the essay questions change, the subject of the essays often remains the same. Many students find essay writing to be an especially daunting task.
Depending on the essay topic, research can take anywhere from a few hours to several days and the writing task itself cannot be done in a few minutes. An essay plan that should be sufficient to get you into the top mark band Examine some of the reasons for changes in the patterns of marriage and cohabitation (24) There have been many changes in the patterns of marriage and Continue reading →.
On today's homefront very little thought is given to throwing a load of laundry into the machine, stacking the dishes into the dishwasher and quickly running the vacuum before jumping into the car for a quick trip to the store to pick up dinner. Some people claim that television is the root of all evil, while others think of television as a best friend.
Some blame the television for society's violence, consumerism, and misinformation, while others see it as a rich resource .