Choose the Right Synonym for contrast Verb comparecontrastcollate mean to set side by side in order to show differences and likenesses. We compared and contrasted the two characters of the story.
Readings in Educational Psychology Educational Psychology Interactive Abstract Improving individuals' and groups' abilities to solve problems and make decisions is recognized as an important issue in education, industry, and government.
Recent research has identified a prescriptive model of problem solving, although there is less agreement as to appropriate techniques.
Separate research on personality and cognitive styles has identified important individual differences in how people approach and solve problems and make decisions. This paper relates a model of the problem-solving process to Jung's theory of personality types as measured by the MBTI and identifies specific techniques to support individual differences.
The recent transition to the information age has focused attention on the processes of problem solving and decision making and their improvement e. In fact, Gagneconsiders the strategies used in these processes to be a primary outcome of modern education.
There is concurrent and parallel research on personality and cognitive styles that describes individuals' preferred patterns for approaching problems and decisions and their utilization of specific skills required by these processes e.
Researchers have studied the relationship between personality characteristics and problem-solving strategies e. One conclusion that may be drawn from these investigations is that individual differences in problem solving and decision making must be considered to adequately understand the dynamics of these processes Stice, Attention must be paid to both the problem-solving process and the specific techniques associated with important personal characteristics.
That is, individuals and organizations must have a problem-solving process as well as specific techniques congruent with individual styles if they are to capitalize on these areas of current research. McCaulley attempted to do this by first focusing on individual differences in personality and then by presenting four steps for problem solving based on Jung's four mental processes sensing, intuition, thinking, and feeling.
Another strategy would be to consider first the problem-solving process and then to integrate individual preferences or patterns within this process. This second strategy is the perspective of this paper. The purpose of this paper is to relate a model of the problem-solving process to a theory of personality type and temperaments in order to facilitate problem solving by focusing on important individual differences.
The integrated process is applicable to a variety of individual and group situations. Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Process Problem solving is a process in which we perceive and resolve a gap between a present situation and a desired goal, with the path to the goal blocked by known or unknown obstacles.
In general, the situation is one not previously encountered, or where at least a specific solution from past experiences is not known.
In contrast, decision making is a selection process where one of two or more possible solutions is chosen to reach a desired goal.
The steps in both problem solving and decision making are quite similar. In fact, the terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Most models of problem solving and decision making include at least four phases e.
Each phase of the process includes specific steps to be completed before moving to the next phase. These steps will be discussed in greater detail later in this paper. Consideration of Individual Differences Although there are a variety of ways to consider individual differences relative to problem solving and decision making, this paper will focus on personality type and temperament as measured by the MBTI.Claim: In Congress, "on the Democratic side of the room, you’ve got men and women of all different races; on the other side, you’ve got a bunch of white men in dark suits, all over 55 or so."Mostly True.
Disruptive Innovation Disruptive innovation, a term of art coined by Clayton Christensen, describes a process by which a product or service takes root initially in simple applications at the bottom of a market and then relentlessly moves up market, eventually displacing established competitors.
From Diversity to Pluralism All of America’s diversity, old and new, does not add up to pluralism. “Pluralism” and “diversity” are sometimes used as if they were synonymous, but diversity—splendid, colorful, and perhaps threatening—is not pluralism.
(Note that if you do not care about diversity and equity and do not want to be in a department that does, don’t waste your time crafting a strong diversity statement -- and you need not read any farther in this essay.) My first piece of advice is: do not write a throwaway diversity statement.
to exhibit unlikeness on comparison with something else; form a contrast.
Linguistics. to differ in a way that can serve to distinguish meanings: The sounds (p) and (b) contrast in the words “pin” and “bin. comparison, diversity, disagreement, divergence, variation.
While there is certainly a great deal of diversity of form among the arthropods and near-arthropods (such as the large, predatory protarthropodan Anomalocaris), it seems reasonable that shared common ancestry in the Pre-Cambrian was the basis for the radiations of the early Cambrian, such as seen at the Burgess Shale (Canada), Chengjiang (China) and Sirius Passet (Greenland).