His mother, Marrie Potgieteran Afrikaneroperated first a general store and then a lodging house; his father, Harold Fugard, was a disabled former jazz pianist of Irish, English and French Huguenot descent.
Conversely, segregation purports to be psychological: Segregation tears apart the human psyche and enables the eruption of suppressed and repressed id not only in the segregationist but also in the segregated.
Its usual aftermath on us as human beings is nothing but foolhardiness and cataclysm. Creative Commons Attribution 3. Perhaps, her attempt to string together the thematic preoccupations of her previous novels explains the reason not only for the complexity of the narrative, but also for its astronomical achievement in the literary sphere, despite her prior public disappearance from the literary scene.
According to Elaine Savory She was interestingly contradictory on these subjects, and inclined therefore to tell a story which was Janus-faced, capable of capturing opposing readings of the world which usually failed to communicate well with one another.
Savory alludes to the Classical mythological figure, Janus, who is believed to possess a pair of faces, each pointing at different directions at the same time, to depict the fictional and non-fictional contradictions that exist in the psyche of Rhys and as also portrayed in her heroines.
Though the narrative reproduces the distinct sensibilities of a West Indian writer, it also carries the hallmark of European modernism.
External link She is also believed to have been brought up by black servants who got her introduced not only to the language of the indigenous Caribbean people, but also to their customs and religious beliefs.
The totality of her upbringing has a great deal of influence on her masterpiece. Going by these complexities in her life, Panizza With them, Jean Rhys shared the Caribbean origins and the difficult integration into British society that resulted in a mental split that she in writing, her characters in living, will try to resolve.
As a result of its versatile nature, the narrative has been interpreted from various perspectives, such as feminism, post-colonialism, and so on.
Rhys first suggests this very nature of the human mind through her title, Wide Sargasso Sea. It is known for its complex currents, which make it very difficult for sailors to navigate. Rhys, therefore, uses the Sargasso Sea to foreground the complex nature of the currents of the human mind as regards race, gender, and segregation.
This is what Rhys attempts to achieve in her masterpiece. Having grown up amidst different kinds of people in the West Indies, she determines to write her story focusing on islands, as the Caribbean is known for these. She attempts to find, as it were, the centre of gravity of her life experiences.
The whole narrative, in the words of Howells in Kamila Vrankova The sea as an image of separation and an increasing distance suggests the split in both space and time: Of particular interest to this research is the psychological cause of the different levels of madness that pervades the narrative.
Is she actually mad as the characters in the narrative are made to believe? Ironically, though she claims to hear a sound in her head while she is incarcerated by her husband, a symptom of madness, she claims to know the reason for her forced migration from Jamaica to England.
The series of inimical and hostile behaviour of the native blacks towards their non-black neighbours in the narrative justifies this assertion.Based on an incident in his own adolescence, “MASTER HAROLD” and the Boys is Fugard’s most autobiographical work.
Harold “Hally” . Reading Group Guide.
INTRODUCTION. Miss Wilma Mabry is the resident Piano Teacher of Swan's Knob, a small, quiet southern town where very little ever changes—that is until one pivotal week in which Swan's Know and Miss Wilma's life are turned inside out.
Athol Fugard, at the time of the Broadway production of his play A Lesson From Aloes.. (© Corbis/Bettmann) But the plays he developed in Port Elizabeth, such as Boesman and Lena, were being performed in New York, London and attheheels.com he was permitted to travel to London with two of his actors, John Kani and Winston .
Postcolonial literature is the literature by people from formerly colonized countries. It exists on all continents except Antarctica. Postcolonial literature often addresses the problems and consequences of the decolonization of a country, especially questions relating to the political and cultural independence of formerly subjugated people, and themes such as racialism and colonialism.
TSOTSI is another story about the triumph of the human spirit, with a twist. It is about the power of love, redemption, and the human spirit.
Along the way, TSOTSI opens the door into the world of the impoverished and socially disadvantaged in present day South Africa. It is crucially important to explore the contexts of Rhys’s work, especially her placement of the role of writing in her life and of race, class, nationality, gender and religion.