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Prewriting and Outlining Get tips on developing and outlining your topic. Prewriting exercises provide structure and meaning to your topic and research before you begin to write a draft. Using prewriting strategies to organize and generate ideas prevents a writer from becoming frustrated or stuck.
Just as you would prepare to give a public speech on note cards, it is also necessary to write ideas down for a rough draft. After all, your audience is counting on a well-organized presentation of interesting facts, a storyline, or whatever you are required to write about. Prewriting exercises can help you focus your ideas, determine a topic, and develop a logical structure for your paper.
It's often helpful to set a time limit on this; plan to brainstorm for ten minutes, for example. This will help you focus and keep you from feeling overwhelmed. This is especially helpful when you're still trying to narrow or focus your topic.
You'll start with a blank page, and you'll write down as many ideas about your topic as you can think of.
Ask yourself questions as you write: Why am I doing this? Why do I like this?
Why don't I like this? What is the most interesting thing about this field or issue? How would my audience feel about this? What can we learn from this? How can we benefit from knowing more? When time is up, read over your list, and add anything else that you think of.
Are there patterns or ideas that keep coming up? These are often clues about what is most important about this topic or issue. A time limit is also useful in this exercise. Using a blank piece of paper or your word-processing program, summarize your topic in a sentence and keep writing.
Write anything that comes to your mind and don't stop. Don't worry about grammar or spelling, and if you get stuck, just write whatever comes to mind. Continue until your time limit is up, and when it's time to stop, read over what you've written and start underlining the most important or relevant ideas.
This will help you to identify your most important ideas, and you'll often be surprised by what you come up with. In this exercise, you'll simply list all of your ideas.
This will help you when you are mapping or outlining your ideas, because as you use an idea, you can cross it off your list. This is another way to record your thoughts and observations for a paragraph or essay after you have chosen a topic. First draw a circle near the center of a blank piece of paper, and in that circle, write the subject of your essay or paragraph.
Then in a ring around the main circle, write down the main parts or subtopics within the main topic.
Circle each of these, and then draw a line connecting them to the main circle in the middle. Repeat this process with each new circle until you run out of ideas. This is a great way of identifying the parts within your topic, which will provide content for the paper, and it also helps you discover how these parts relate to each other.
Outlining Your Paper An outline is a plan for the paper that will help you organize and structure your ideas in a way that effectively communicates them to your reader and supports your thesis statement.
You'll want to work on an outline after you've completed some of the other exercises, since having an idea of what you'll say in the paper will make it much easier to write.
An outline can be very informal; you might simply jot down your thesis statement, what the introduction will discuss, what you'll say in the body of the paper, and what you want to include in the conclusion.
Remember that all writing — even academic writing — needs to tell a story: If you work on telling a story in the paper, it will help you to structure it in a way that the reader can easily follow and understand.
Sometimes you may be required or you may want to develop a more formal outline with numbered and lettered headings and subheadings.
This will help you to demonstrate the relationships between the ideas, facts, and information within the paper. Here's an example of what this might look like:Five Pre-Writing Activities for Preschoolers Guest Post by Caroline of Under God’s Mighty Hand Most children go through stages of development in pre-writing skills, and we can utilize a variety of tactics to help progress their skills.
Students can and should customize the writing process to suit their own style, but in a writing course, introducing students to various options helps expand their repertoire. In the interest of true understanding, you should introduce the strategies below, model them, and then help students to.
Other prewriting activities include writing lists, free writing, and sharing student-made videos, podcasts, or drawings on the class website. It is also important to help students understand what it means to write for a variety of genres. Activities for crossing the midline - making both sides of the brain communicate with each other, required for reading and writing.
Find this Pin and more on Pre-Writing Activities by Parenting Smarts. Motor Development: Preschoolers - "plan daily physical activities that are vigorous as well as developmentally and individually appropriate.
Every Writer's Dilemma Are you writing a paper and don't know where to start? Even with a clear prompt, a grasp on the material, and lots of ideas, getting started on any paper can be a challenge.
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