Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: UNIAP had in its first phase implemented several anti-trafficking programs, such as income generation and awareness raising in rural areas of Laos. However, due to the increasing numbers of anti-trafficking programs, the project wanted to play a stronger role in coordinating the anti-trafficking effort in the Mekong region.
Transnational Crime and Human Rights: Recently, as a response to the global crisis of human trafficking, more attention has been paid to human trafficking in the Greater Mekong Subregion GMS.
But this is only part of the story. In their opinions, there sverre molland the perfect business plan a tension between the discourse of policy enforcement and human rights in the region.
At international, national, and subnational levels, the authors point out two essential contexts in human trafficking, namely, prostitution and labor migration.
In The Perfect Business? Anti-Trafficking and the Sex Trade along the Mekong, Sverre Molland comments on the three discourses of traffickers, victims, and anti-traffickers in human trafficking along the Thai-Lao border, with a specific focus on the border towns of Vientiane and Nong Kai.
At the same time, Molland interprets human trafficking along the Thai-Lao border from three theoretical approaches. Molland carefully analyzes the price and income hierarchies within the sex industries in Vientiane and Nong Kai, which are different from the idealized depiction of human trafficking.
He concludes that human trafficking is not parasitic on migration flows from poorer to richer areas. In both books, the authors pose serious challenges both analytically and methodologically to the literature on human trafficking in the following three areas.
First of all, the two books criticize the effectiveness of the definition context of human trafficking in the GMS. The definition of human trafficking should not be simply accounted for trafficking by referring to ideal models of profitability.
Meanwhile, Molland contends that the literature on human trafficking, which regards human trafficking as a most profitable illegal crime, ignores the fact of low-profit margins along the Thai-Lao border.
In contrast, Kneebone and Debeljak show that the discourse of human trafficking is dominated by traditional security discourse, which regards human trafficking as a transnational organized crime. Secondly, the authors draw lessons from the anti-trafficking sector in the GMS.
For a long time, little consideration has been given to the social relationships between a trafficker and a trafficked victim. According to the fieldwork conducted by Molland, recruitment in human trafficking is primarily driven by informal networks of extend acquaintances.
However, at the national level, the discourse of anti-trafficking is not reflected in bilateral arrangements in the GMS.
For instance, most arrangements responding to human trafficking are not linked with anti-trafficking policies. Thirdly, the two books explore the implications for security governance in the near future.
Based on the case studies at the Thai-Lao border, Molland describes the heterogeneity in human trafficking as three concentric circles, which provide a clear framework for security governance at three levels: Furthermore, Molland considers that deceptive and voluntary recruitment are co-present along the Thai-Lao border areas.
Recruiting acquaintances and friends into sex work does not necessarily entail negative moral sanctioning. Based on the assessments on the social context of sex workers along the Thai-Lao border, Molland concludes by remarking on cultural and social similarities in Thailand and Lao.
Second, pre-marital sex places many young women in highly marginalized positions. Third, there is no effective moral sanctioning of prostitution, though stigma regarding sex workers certainly exists. NGOs should work toward the reintegration and repatriation of victims into village communities.
On one hand, without consensus among stakeholders, it is impossible to put into place effective mechanisms against child soldiering in the GMS. On the other hand, the stakeholders in anti-trafficking sectors possess different understanding of what child soldiers are.
Though Kneebone and Debeljak discuss the discourse of trafficked children in Transnational Crime and Human Rights the length of discussion is comparatively limited, and does not include discussions of child soldiers. Most child soldiers not only face stigma and resentment, but also suffer mental scars.
Therefore, the cells composed of child soldiers will likely transform into terrorist cells or criminal cells, which can act in a more extreme and radical fashion than other ones.
There was a historic precedent in the GMS. They are essential works which not only benefits specialists in the Greater Mekong Subregion, human trafficking and human rights studies, but can be very useful to future students as well.
Development and Change 41 5: They held to patients and staff members hostage for 22 hours.In The Perfect Business? Anti-Trafficking and the Sex Trade along the Mekong, Sverre Molland comments on the three discourses of traffickers, victims, and anti-traffickers in human trafficking along the Thai-Lao border, with a specific focus on the border towns of Vientiane and Nong Kai.
Anthropologist Sverre Molland’s provocative, well-written and indepth monograph on the trafficking of women along the Thai-Lao border is a welcome contribution to the field of trafficking and. The Perfect Business Plan Made Simple approaches.
Publisher: Broadway Books. Business Plan Made Simple approaches the business plan as a sales document that.
ISBN. Sverre Molland. anti-trafficking community in Laos operated more on hearsay and assumption than hard evidence, he finds that official. Publisher: University of.
Book Reviews be given more attention in the literature of human trafficking in the GMS. Overall, The Perfect Business and Transnational Crime and Human Ri ghts represent a break- through in the literature of human trafficking in the GMS. ‘The Perfect Business’: Human Trafficking and Lao–Thai Cross-Border Migration Sverre Molland ABSTRACT Over the past few years some governments and development organizations have increasingly articulated cross-border mobility as ‘trafficking in persons’.
Bibliographies of Lao Studies research. LAO University Press. Ladwig, Patrice. Revolutionaries and reformers in Lao Buddhism. London: Routledge. Molland, Sverre.
The perfect business?: anti-trafficking and the sex trade along the Mekong. Vision for their Churches and Implement a Strategy Plan Based Upon that Vision. attheheels.com