The life and early career of herbert spencer

Captain Lincoln bought the Virginia property from his father in Thomas was born in Virginia and moved west to Jefferson County, Kentuckywith his father, mother, and siblings in the s, when he was about five years old.

The life and early career of herbert spencer

Best known as the leading Social Darwinist of the nineteenth century, Spencer was a broad-ranging thinker who epitomized the scientific mentality of his age. An only child, he was educated until the age of ten by his father, a private tutor.

The life and early career of herbert spencer

His unorthodox father, a Dissenter, and the lack of peers molded the young Spencer into an intellectual introvert. Spencer received further education, mostly in mathematics and mechanics, from his uncle, Thomas Spencer, who headed a school near Bath.

The enormous learning which he later demonstrated was acquired principally through his own efforts. Declining an offer from his uncle to send him to Cambridge, in Spencer took a job as a civil engineer with the London and Birmingham railway company. He worked for a number of different railways, traveled widely, introduced several technical innovations, and advanced in his career.

He had, however, developed a deep interest in politics, and in he left his engineering career and returned to Derby to live on his savings while writing political commentary.

Herbert Spencer Facts

Initially, Spencer dabbled in radical politics rather unselectively, but some of his early pieces in the Nonconformist reveal that his narrow view of the role of the state had already developed.

Inhe moved to London, where he believed he could advance his literary career He did very poorly, selling only a few items, most of them on phrenology.

Soon, his funds depleted, he returned to his engineering work. He quickly became disillusioned with the world of business, and he left it inexposing railway fraud in an essay in the Edinburgh Review. At the age of twenty-six, Spencer had largely failed in engineering, politics, and journalism.

He was both lonely and alone in his increasingly deep meditations. His dedication to philosophical inquiry and his serious reading precluded a social life, and he never married.

His dark brown hair was beginning to recede, and in later life he was partially bald, a feature he sought to counter by wearing his hair long on the sides, with bushy sideburns.

His face was calm, but pale, and in general his slight figure suggested frailness and delicacy. He was an excellent conversationalist but somewhat abrupt and quite fixed in his opinions.

The synthetic philosophy in outline

With this position, Spencer had not only a modest level of financial security but also the spare time to work on the great philosophical project he had been contemplating. At The Economist Spencer found like-minded individualists, and his laissez-faire attitude hardened into the rigidness for which he would become famous.

The serious writing effort on which Spencer had been working for some time was completed in the summer of and published the following year under the title Social Statics. Inthe death of his uncle, who had aided him so greatly, brought him a legacy, which was small but sufficient for him to leave The Economist and live independently as an author.

That same year, however, he suffered the first of a series of physical and nervous ailments which plagued him for the rest of his life.

A System of Evolution

He traveled widely in search of better health, argued with his friends, remained lonely and unhappy, and became a confirmed hypochondriac. Spencer continued, however, to write prolifically. Inhe published The Principles of Psychology, and in he announced his plan to produce a ten-volume work with the general title The Synthetic Philosophy.

He suffered a serious nervous breakdown and treated himself with opium, but the work was finally completed in He financed his work by selling subscriptions, with the subscribers receiving installments of about ninety pages every three months.

Some interest in the work was expressed in Great Britain, but it was support from the The entire section is 1, words. Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this page Herbert Spencer study guide and get instant access to the following: Biography 2 Homework Help Questions with Expert Answers You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides andHomework Help questions answered by our experts.Published since , Biographical Memoirs provide the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences members.

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12th, in a one-room log cabin at Sinking Spring farm, south of Hodgenville in Hardin County, Kentucky. [citation needed] His siblings were Sarah Lincoln Grigsby and Thomas Lincoln, a land title dispute forced the family to leave, they relocated to Knob Creek farm, eight miles to the .

Introduction: life - inference - intensity - history - science - Chicks - evolution - dissolution - sensual - God - language - madness - faerie - spirit Charlotte Mew was born in Her father was an architect and her mother the daughter and granddaughter of attheheels.comtte was the second of four children who survived early childhood.

Winston Churchill in the Canadian Parliament, December by Yousuf Karsh. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; In office 26 October – 5 April Also see SEP on contractarianism and contemporary approaches, IEP, EB, and Stephen Daniel..

Socrates ( B.C.E.).

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Greek philosopher. He was the teacher of Plato, from whom we have our best knowledge of his philosophical attheheels.comgh he wrote nothing, Socrates left Western philosophy the rich legacy of his example in the .

Early Life. Herbert Spencer was born on April 27, , in Derby, England. An only child, he was educated until the age of ten by his father, a private tutor.

Herbert Spencer biography, birth date, birth place and pictures